writer, researcher, editor, lecturer


R.B. (Rae) Fleming


(Toronto: Lynx Images), 2002.


Archives of Ontario, Toronto ON: Mackenzie-Lindsey Papers, Correspondence, William Lyon Mackenzie and Thomas Fyfe, 1823-1828.

Archives de l’Université Laval, Québec QC: Roy, Marie-Claude, “Le Magasin Général,” Radio-Canada, Présence du Passé, Fonds 1227, Bobine 78; and Collection Michèle Paradis, entrevue avec Charles et Eva Lemelin, fonds 922, no 16-17, bobine 3895.

Glenbow-Alberta Archives, Calgary AB: M2796, letter Fred H Schofield, Vancouver, to D M Stewart, Calgary, 21 Apr 1961.; M8244-1917, letter, Lillian Turner to her mother, Mrs Hyde, probably in Beeton ON, 14 May and 22 April 1917.

National Archives of Canada, Ottawa ON: Joseph G Mohl Papers, MG30 C131; Arthur McClean Papers, MG24 K53; Asher Pierce Papers, MG30 A80.

Provincial Archives of Alberta, Edmonton AB: Acc 72.460 SE, Ms. “Frederick Edward Algar” by Effie (Algar) Whitford; Acc 88.24/17 (Box 1), Diary of Moses Jampolsky.

Provincial Archives of Newfoundland and Labrador, St John’s NF: MG 520, Box 35, Diaries of M F Abbott, 17 Jan 1908.

Queen’s University Archives, Kingston ON: A Arch 5140, Box 1, Geddes Snow Road Station Fonds, Diaries.

Saskatchewan Archives Board, Regina and Saskatoon SK: Interview by D H Bocking with Harry Minovitz, general storekeeper, Saskatoon SK, 16 February 1971; Interview by D Hande with Morris Sideman, general storekeeper in Langenburg SK, 12 March 1976; Sample, William Burton, untitled ms re his years as a general storekeeper in Kerrobert SK.


Brockville Recorder, Brockville ON;

Canadian Grocer and General Storekeeper, Montréal QC;

Canadian Post, Lindsay ON;

St Andrews Standard, St Andrews NB;

Winnipeg Sun, Mid-Summer Holiday Number, 1888

York Herald, Richmond Hill ON;


Grignon, Claude-Henri, “Le Démon de l’Argent,” Les Belles Histoires des Pays d’en Haut, Société Radio-Canada, 1957-1970.

Ransen, Mort, dir, Margaret’s Museum, based on a short story by Sheldon Currie, film produced by Ranfilm/Imagex/Tele-Action/Skyline, 1996.

Coté, Joe, CBC radio’s “Ontario Morning,” interviews with Ned Skead, McCrackens Landing ON, 19 Nov 1996; Tim Gordon, Burnstown ON, 3 Jan 1997; Jack Legg, Birr ON, 27 Jan 1998; and with Neil Matheson, Sebringville ON, 2 July 1998.

“Rockford Files,” CBC Radio, St John’s NF, 3 Oct 1996, interviews with retired travellers.


From archives across the country, and in private collections. Noted in footnotes.


Adachi, Ken, The Enemy That Never Was, A History of Japanese Canadians (Toronto: McClelland and Stewart), 1976.

Adamson, Anthony and John Willard, The Gaiety of Gables, Ontario’s Architectural Folk Art (Toronto: McClelland and Stewart Limited), 1974.

Addison, Ottelyn with Elizabeth Harwood and Thoreau Macdonald Tom Thomson, The Algonquin Years (Toronto Winnipeg Vancouver: The Ryerson Press), 1969.

Aitken, Kate, Never A Day So Bright (Toronto, New York, London: Longmans Green & Co), 1956.

Armstrong, Joe C W, Champlain (Toronto: Macmillan of Canada), 1987.

Artibise, Alan, Winnipeg, An Illustrated History (Toronto: James Lorimer & Company, Publishers and National Museum of Man, National Museums of Canada), 1977.

Arthur, Eric, Toronto, No Mean City, Third Edition, Revised by Stephen A Otto (Toronto Buffalo London: University of Toronto Press), 1986.

Atwood, Margaret, Alias Grace (Toronto: Seal Books, McClelland-Bantam, Inc), 1996.

Ballstadt, Carl, Elizabeth Hopkins and Michael Peterman, I Bless You in My Heart: Selected Correspondence of Catharine Parr Traill (Toronto Buffalo London: University of Toronto Press), 1996.

Bauchman, Rosemary, ed, The Best of Helen Creighton (Hansport, NS: Lancelot Press), 1988.

Bailyn, Bernard, The New England Merchants in the Seventeenth Century (New York, Evanston and London: Harper & Row, Publishers), 1964.

Beal, Robert and Rod Macleod, Prairie Fire, The 1885 North-West Rebellion (Edmonton: Hurtig Publishers), 1994.

Benson, John, “Hawking and Peddling in Canada, 1867-1914,” Histoire Sociale - Social History, Vol XVIII, No 35 (mai-May 1985).

____________, “Penny Capitalism and Capitalism in Canada, 1867-1914,” British Journal of Canadian Studies Vol III, No 1 (1988).

____________, The Rise of Consumer Society in Britain, 1880-1980 (New York: Longman Publishing), 1984.

____________, “Whig History and Neoclassical Economics: Retailing in Great Britain, Australia and Canada 1890-1940,” Paper given at annual meeting of the Canadian Historical Society, St. John's Newfoundland, June 1997.

Blumenson, John, Identifying American Architecture, A Pictorial Guide to Styles and Terms, 1600-1945 (Nashville: American Association for Local and State History), 1982.

_____________, Ontario Architecture, A Guide to Styles and Building Terms 1784 to the Present (Toronto: Fitzhenry & Whiteside), 1990.

Bosher, J F, The Canada Merchants 1713-1763 (Oxford: Clarendon Press), 1987.

Bouchard, Gérard, Quelques Arpents d’Amérique, Population, èconomie, famille au Saguenay, 1838-1971 (Montréal: Boréal), 1996.

Bowen, Lynne, Boss Whistle (Lantzville, BC: oolichan books), 1982.

Bowley, Robert E, History of the Post: Smith Township (Bridgenorth, Ontario: the Archival and History Society of Smith Township), 1990.

Brennan, J William, Regina, An Illustrated History (Toronto: James Lorimer & Company, Publishers and Canadian Museum of Civilization In Collaboration with the Secretary of State), 1989.

Bronfman, Saidye Rosner, Reflections on my Life (Montréal: Privately Printed), 1986

Brown, Craig, ed, The Illustrated History of Canada (Toronto: Lester Publishing Limited), 1991.

Brown, N P H and R B Fleming, Memoirs of N P H Brown (unpub).

Brown, Ron, Vanished Villages (Toronto: Polar Bear Express), 1996.

Burnet, Jean, Next-Year Country, A Study of Rural Social Organization in Alberta (Toronto: University of Toronto Press), 1951.

Burton, C L, A Sense of Urgency, Memoirs of a Canadian Merchant (Toronto: Clarke, Irwin & Company Limited), 1952.

The Canadian Architect and Builder, A Journal of Modern Constructive Methods (Toronto: C H Mortimer).

The Canadian Encyclopedia, Second Edition (Edmonton: Hurtig Publishers), 1988.

Cameron, Edith M, Pioneers in a Land of Promise (Iron Bridge: Rae’s North Country Printing Services Inc), 1993.

Careless, J M S, Toronto to 1918, An Illustrated History (Toronto: James Lorimer & Company, Publisher and National Museum of Man, National Museums of Canada), 1984.

Carson, Gerald, The Old Country Store (New York: E P Dutton & Co, Inc), 1965.

Chamberland, Roger et André Gaulin, éds, La Chanson Québécoise de la Bolduc à Aujourd'hui (Québec: Nuit Blanche Editeur), 1994.

Chong, Denise, The Concubine's Children, Portrait of a Family Divided (Toronto: Viking), 1994.

Clerk, Nathalie, Palladian Style in Canadian Architecture (Ottawa: National Historic Parks and Sites Branch, Environment Canada), 1984.

Cohen, Marjorie Griffin, “The Decline of Women in Canadian Dairying” in Strong-Boag, Veronica and Anita Clair Fellman, eds, Rethinking Canada: the promise of women’s history (Mississauga: Copp Clark Pitman Ltd), 1991.

Cole, Jean Murray, South Monighan, The Garden of Eden (Township of Otonabee-South Monaghan), 1998.

Courville, Serge, Entre Ville et Campagne, L’essor du village dans les seigneuries du Bas-Canada (Québec: Les Presses de l’Université Laval), 1990.

Coward, E R, Bridgetown Nova Scotia, Its History to 1900 (Kentville: Kentville Publishing Co Ltd), 1955.

Coward, Harold, Rosemary Ommer and Tony Pitcher, eds, Just Fish, Ethics and Canadian Marine Fisheries (St John’s: Institute of Social and Economic Research, Memorial University of Newfoundland), 2000.

Cruikshank, Julie, Athapaskan Women: Lives and Legends (Ottawa: National Museum of Man Mercury Series/Musée Natinal de l’Homme Collection Mercure), 1979.

______________, The Stolen Women: Female Journeys in Tagish and Tutchene (Ottawa: National Museum of Canada/Musée National du Canada), 1983.

Cruise, David and Alison Griffiths, The Great Adventure: How the Mounties Conquered the West (Toronto: Viking), 1996.

Dechêne, Louise, Habitants and Merchants in Seventeenth Century Montreal (Montreal & Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press), 1992.

DeMont, John, Citizens Irving, K C Irving and His Legacy (Toronto: McClelland & Stewart Inc), 1992.

Desrosiers, Claude, “La Clientele d’un Marchand Général en Milieu Rural à la fin du XVIIIe Siècle: Analyse des C omportements de Consommation” in Sociétés Villageoises et Rapports Villes-Campagnes au Québec et Dans La France de l’Ouest, XVIIe-XXe Siècles (Trois-Rivières: Centre de Recherche en Études Québécoises, Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières avec la collaboration des Presses Universitaires de Rennes 2, 151-8).

Dickinson, John and Brian Young, A Short History of Quebec: A Socio-Economic Perspective (Toronto: Copp Clark Pitman Ltd), 1988.

Dutil, Patrice, Devil’s Advocate, Godfroy Langlois and the politics of Liberal Progressivism in Laurier’s Quebec (Montreal-Toronto: Robert Davies Publishing), 1994.

Drummond, Ian, with Peter George, Kris Inwood, Peter W Sinclair and Tom Traves, Progress without Planning: The Economic History of Ontario from Confederation to the Second World War (Toronto Buffalo London: University of Toronto Press and the OntarioStudies Series for the Government of Ontario), 1987.

Eccles, W J, The Canadian Frontier, 1534-1760 (Toronto: Holt, Rinehart and Winston), 1969.

_________, Canadian Society During the French Regime (Montréal: Harvest House, 1968)

Edmison, J Alex, ed, with Howard Pammett, Through the Years in Douro, 1822-1967 (Peterborough: A D Newson Co Ltd), 1978.

Egglesfield, Bentley Marie, The Kentvale Store (Sault Ste Marie: Tyro Publishing), 1988.

Erasmus, Peter, Buffalo Days and Nights (Calgary: Glenbow-Alberta Institute), 1976

Estey, Ralph Howard, “Recollections of the Country Store Founded by Emery Herbert Estey in Millville NB, 1887”" (Baie d’Urfé: Private Printing), 1989

Fleming, R B, Argyle, A Pioneer Village (Woodville: Woodville Legion and Wintario), 1976.

Foster, Jane, Bath, on the Bay of Quinte (Napanee: Lennox and Addington County Museum), 1996.

Fowke, V C, “The Myth of the Self-Sufficient Canadian Pioneer,” Transactions of the Royal Society of Canada, Vol LVI, Series III: (June 1962), Section II, 23-37.

Fram, Mark, Well-Preserved, The Ontario Heritage Foundation’s Manual of Principles and Practice for Architectural Conservation (Toronto/Erin: Stoddart/The Boston Mills Press), 1992.

Friesen, Gerald, The Canadian Prairies, A History (Toronto and London: University of Toronto Press), 1984.

Frenette, Yves, The Anglo-Normans In Eastern Canada (Ottawa: The Canadian Historical Association with the Support of Heritage Canada, Government of Canada), 1996.

Gelernter, Mark, Sources of architectural form, A critical history of Western design theory (Manchester and New York: Manchester Univesity Press), 1995.

Giddis, Marjorie ed., As the Story is told: A History of Morpeth and Community (Ridgetown, Dominion Press Limited), 1986.

Gowans, Alan, Looking at Architecture in Canada (Toronto: Oxford University Press), 1958.

Graham, Katharine, Personal History (New York: Vintage Books), 1998.

Grant, John N, The Development of Sherbrooke Village to 1880 (Halifax: The Nova Scotia Museum), 1972.

Greer, Allan, Peasant, Lord and Merchant, Rural Society in Three Quebec Parishes 1740-1840 (Toronto: University of Toronto Press), 1985.

Habermehl, Fred and Donald L Combe, Stones, Saints & Sinners, Walking tours of Niagara-on-the-Lake's large historic cemeteries (Niagara-on-the-Lake: The Niagara Historical Society), 1995.

Haliburton, Thomas C, The Clockmaker or The Sayings and Doings of Samuel Slick of Slickville (Toronto: McClelland and Stewart Limited), 1958.

Hamelin, Jean et Yves Roby, Histoire Economique et Sociale du Québec, 1851-1896 (Montréal: Fides), 1971.

Hande, D’Arcy, The Small Businessman in Saskatchewan, 1919-1939, MA Thesis, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, 1988.

Harper, J Russell, Krieghoff (Toronto Buffalo London: University of Toronto Press), 1979.

Harris, Cyril M, ed, Illustrated Dictionary of Historic Architecture (New York: Dover Publications, Inc), 1977.

Harris, R Cole, “The Simlification of Europe Overseas,” ANNALS of the Association of American Georgraphers, Vol 67 (Dec 1977), No 4, 469-483.

Heideman, Anne L, “Johnny Butcher’s Store” in Borg, Ronald, ed, Peterborough, Land of Shining Waters, An Anthology (Peterborough: the City and County of Peterborough), 1967.

Heriot, George, Travels Through The Canadas (Edmonton: M G Hurtig Ltd), 1971.

Hildebrandt, Walter, The Battle of Batoche, British Small Warfare and the Entrenched Métis (Ottawa: Parks Canada), 1985.

Hill, Charles C, The Group of Seven, Art for a Nation (Ottawa and Toronto: The National Gallery of Canada and McClelland & Stewart Inc), 1995.

Hine, Thomas, The Total Package, The Secret History and Hidden Meanings of Boxes, Bottles, Cans, and Other Persuasive Containers (Toronto: Little Brown & Company (Canada)), 1995.

Historical Atlas of Canada (Toronto Buffalo London: University of Toronto Press, Vols I-III), 1987, 1993, 1990.

History and Architecture of the Village of Bath, Ontario (Kingston: School of Urban and Regional Planning, Queen's University and Bath), 1976.

Hornsby, Stephen, Nineteenth Century C ape Breton, A Historical Geography (Montreal & Kingston, London, Buffalo: McGill-Queen’s University Press), 1992.

How, Douglas and Ralph Costello, K. C., The Biography of K.C. Irving (Toronto: Key Porter Books Limited), 1993.

Igartua, José, “A Change in Climate: The Conquest and the Marchands of Montreal” in C M Wallace, Bray, R M and Gilbert, A D, Reappraisals in Canadian History, Pre-Confederation, Second Edition (Scarborough: Prentice Hall Canada Inc), 1996, 189-207.

Jameson, Anna Brownell, Winter Studies and Summer Rambles in Canada (Toronto: Thomas Nelson and Sons, Limited), 1944.

Jewish Life and Times, Personal Recollections: The Jewish Pioneer Past on the Prairies, Vol VI (Winnipeg: The Jewish Historical Society of Western Canada, Inc), 1993.

Jones, David C, Empire of Dust, Settling and Abandoning the Prairie Dry Belt (Edmonton: The University of Alberta Press), 1987.

Jones, Edward and Christopher Woodward, A Guide to the Architecture of London (London: Phoenix Illustrated), 1997.

Johnston, Wayne, Baltimore’s Mansion (Toronto: Vintage Canada), 2000.

Kalman, Harold, A History of Canadian Architecture, Vols 1 & 2 (Toronto New York Oxford: Oxford University Press),1994.

Kane, Sean, Wisdom of the Mythmakers (Peterborough: broadview press), 1994.

Keighley, Sydney Augustus, with R F Jones and D K Riddle, Trader, Tripper, Trapper, The Life of a Bay Man (Winnipeg: Rupert’s Land Research Centre and Watson & Dwyer Publishing), 1989.

Keneally, Thomas, A River Town (London: Serpentine Publishing Co P/L), 1995.

Kilbourn, William, The Firebrand (Toronto: Irwin Publishing), 1977.

Koestler, Arthur, The Sleepwalkers, A History of Man’s Changing Vision of the Universe (Harmondsworth, Middlesex: Penguin Books Ltd), 1992.

Lambert, Phyllis and Alan Stewart, Opening the Gates of Eighteenth-Century Montréal (Montréal: Centre Canadien d’Architecture/Canadian Centre for Architecture), 1992.

Lang, Elizabeth, “The New Dundee Emporium,” (Kitchener-Waterloo: the Waterloo Historical Society), nd.

Lang Syne, A history of Lang Saskatchewan (Lang: Lang Syne History Book Committee), 1980.

Langton, H H, ed, A Gentlewoman in Upper Canada, The Journals of Anne Langton (Toronto, Vancouver: Clarke, Irwin & Company Limited), 1950.

Lawrence, A W, Greek Architecture (Harmondsworth, Middlesex: Penguin Books Ltd), 1962.

Leacock, Stephen, Sunshine Sketches of a Little Town (Toronto: McClelland & Stewart Limited), 1965.

Leclerc, Rachel, Noces de sable (Montréal: Les Éditions du Boréal), 1995.

Little, J I, The Child Letters, Public and Private Life in a Canadian Merchant-Politician's Family, 1841-1845 (Montréal & Kingston: McGill-Queen's University Press), 1995.

Lively, Penelope, Moon Tiger (London: A Deutsch), 1987.

McAlester, Virginia and Lee McAlester, A Field Guide to American Houses (New York: Knopf), 1985.

McCalla, Douglas, Planting the Province, The Economic History of Upper Canada, 1784-1870 (Toronto: University of Toronto Press), 1992.

_______________, “The Needs of Farm Households: Farm Families’ Purchases from Two Upper Canadian Stores in 1861” in Courville, Serge and Normand Séguin, eds, Espace et culture/Space and Culture (Sainte-Foy: Les Presses de l’Université Laval, 1995, 355-67).

_______________, “The Rural Economy of Old Ontario,” unpub paper delivered to the annual meeting of the Peterborough Historical Society, 18 Feb 1997.

_______________, The Upper Canadian Trade 1834-1872: A Study of the Buchanans’ Business (Toronto Buffalo London: University of Toronto Press), 1979.

MacDonald, Ann-Marie, Fall On Your Knees (Toronto: Vintage Canada), 1997.

MacDonald, Helen Bajorek, “A Canadian Passport” in Karpinski, Eva C, ed, Pens of Many Colours, 3rd Ed (Toronto: Nelson, Thomson), 2002.

McGinnis, Janice Dickin, Suitable for the Wilds, Letters from Northern Alberta, 1929-1931 (Toronto: University of Toronto Press), 1995.

Mackie, Richard S, Trading Beyond The Mountains, The British Fur Trade on the Pacific (Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press), 1997.

MacMillan, David S, Canadian Business History, Selected Studies (Toronto: McClelland and Stewart Limited), 1972.

McNaught, Eleanor, Blame it on Wilmot (Toronto: Lugus Publications), 1993.

MacPherson, Ian, The Co-operative Movement on the Prairies, 1900-1955 (Ottawa: The Canadian Historical Association), 1979.

_____________, Each For All: A History of the Co-operative Movement in English Canada, 1900-1945 (Toronto: Macmillan of Canada in association with the Institute of Canadian Studies, Carleton Universities), 1979.

McRae, Douglas, The Arts and Crafts of Canada (Toronto: The Macmillan Company of Canada Limited), 1944.

MacRae, Marion, with Anthony Adamson, The Ancestral Roof, Domestic Architecture of Upper Canada (Toronto & Vancouver: Clarke, Irwin & Company Limited), 1963.

_____________ , Cornerstones of Order: Courthouses and Town Halls of Ontario, 1784-1914 (Toronto: Clarke Irwin), 1983.

Maitland, Leslie, Jacqueline Hucker and Shannon Ricketts, A Guide to Canadian Architectural Styles (Peterborough: broadview press), 1992.

Mallory, Enid, Over the Counter, The Country Store in Canada (Toronto: Fitzhenry & Whiteside), 1985.

Mancke, Elizabeth, “At the Counter of the General Store: Women and the Economy in Eighteenth-Century Horton, Nova Scotia” in Margaret Conrad, ed, Intimate Relations: Family and Community in Planter Nova Scotia, 1759-1800 (Fredericton: Acadiensis Press), 1995.

Margolies, John, Home Away From Home, Motels in America (Boston New York Toronto London: Little, Brown and Company), 1995.

Marrus, Michael, Mr Sam, The Life and Times of Samuel Bronfman (Toronto: Viking), 1991.

Maynard, Fredelle Bruser, Raisins and Almonds (Toronto: Doubleday Canada Limited), 1972.

Mellor, John, The Company Store, James Bryson McLaclan and the Cape Breton Coal Miners, 1900-1925 (Toronto: Doubleday Canada Limited), 1983.

Miquelon, Dale, Dugard of Rouen, French Trade to Canada and the West Indies, 1729-1770 (Montreal and London: McGill-Queen’s University Press), 1978.

_____________, New France 1701-1744, “A Supplement to Europe” (Toronto: McClelland and Stewart), 1987.

Monod, David, Store Wars, Shopkeepers and the Culture of Mass Marketing, 1890-1939 (Toronto, Buffalo London: University of Toronto Press), 1996.

Moore, Christopher, Louisbourg Portraits, Life in an Eighteenth-Century Garrison Town (Toronto: Macmillan of Canada), 1988.

Morton, W L, “Furrow’s End” in Journal of Canadian Studies/Revue d’études canadiennes, Vol 21, No 3, Automne 1986 Fall, 3-31.

Mui, Hoh-Cheung and Lorna H Mui, Shops and Shopkeeping in Eighteenth-Century England (Kingston Montréal London: McGill-Queen’s University Press and Routledge), 1989.

Mulholland, R D, “Banking” in Borg, Ronald, ed, Peterborough, Land of Shining Waters, An Anthology (Peterborough: the City and County of Peterborough), 1967.

Munro, J E R, “Munro’s, Demorestville, In the Township of Sophiasburgh, County of P rince Edward, Province of Ontario” (Picton: Prince Edward Historical Society), 1989.

Murray, Joan, Tom Thomson: Design for a Canadian Hero (Toronto Oxford: Dundurn Press), 1998.

__________, Tom Thomson, The Last Spring (Toronto Oxford: Dundurn Press), 1994.

Neary, Peter, ed., White Tie and Decorations, Sir John and Lady Hope Simpson in Newfoundland, 1934-1936 (Toronto: University of Toronto Press), 1996.

Newell, Dianne and Rosemary Ommer, eds, Fishing Places, Fishing People, Traditions and Issues in Canadian Small-Scale Fisheries (Toronto Buffalo London: University of Toronto Press), 1999.

Nish, Cameron, Les Bourgeois-Gentilhommes de la Nouvelle-France, 1729-1748 (Montréal et Paris: Fides), 1968.

Noel, Jan, “New France: Les femmes favorisées” in R Douglas Francis and Smith, Donald B, Readings in Canadian History, Pre-Confederation (Toronto: Harcourt Brace Canada), 1994.

North, Dick, The Mad Trapper of Rat River (Toronto: Macmillan of Canada), 1976.

Oliver, Audrey with Viola Larsen, “The Early Caroline Store,” private publication, February 1998.

Ommer, Rosemary E, ed, Merchant Credit and Labour Strategies in Historical Perspective (Fredericton: Acadiensis Press), 1990.

__________________, “The Truck System in Gaspé, 1822-77,” Acadiensis, XIX, 1 (Fall 1989), 91-114.

__________________, “One Hundred Years of Fishery Crises in Newfoundland,” Acadiensis, XXIII, 2 (Spring 1994), 5-20.

Ouellet, Fernand, Economic and Social History of Quebec, 1760-1850 (Toronto: Gage Publishing Limited in association with the Institute of Canadian Studies, Carleton University), 1980.

Our Dominion, Cities, T owns and Business Interests, Historical, Descriptive and Biographical, Prominent Places and People, Representative Merchants and Manufacturers, Improvements, Progress and Enterprise: Halifax and Environs (Toronto: Historical Publishing Co of Canada), 1887.

Patey, Francis, The Jolly Poker (St John’s: Harry Cuff Publications), 1992.

Payment, Diane P, “Letendre, dit Batoche, François-Xavier” in DCB, Vol XIII.

______________, “The Free People - Otipemisiwak,” Batoche, Saskatchewan, 1870-1930 (Ottawa: National Parks and Sites Service, Environment Canada), 1990.

Perin, Roberto, The immigrants’ church, The third force in canadian catholicism, 1880-1920 (Ottawa: The Canadian Historical Society), 1998.

Perreault-Gilbert, Maryse, Jacques Adhémar, premier marchand à Drummondville (1815-1822) (Drummondville: Les Cahiers de la Société historique du Centre du Québec, inc), 1981.

Phillips, G.G., The Rise and Fall of a Prairie Town, A History of Lauder Manitoba and the Surrounding District, 5 Vols (Ottawa: Privately Publication), 1972-1978.

Poulin, Pierre, Histoire du Mouvement Desjardins, Tome 1, Desjardins et la Naissance des Caisses Populaires 1900-1920 (Montréal: Québec-Amérique), 1990.

Proulx, E. Annie, The Shipping News (Toronto: Simon & Schuster Inc), 1994.

Raible, Chris, A Colonial Advocate, the Launching of his Newspaper and the Queenston Career of William Lyon Mackenzie (Creemore: Curiosity House for The Mackenzie Printery Museum and the Clan MacKenzie Society of Canada), 1999.

Ramsay, Freda, ed, John Ramsay of Kildalton (Toronto: Peter Martin Associates Limited), 1969.

Rawling, William, “Flowerdew, Gordon Muriel” in DCB, Vol XIV.

Rayburn, Alan, Dictionary of Canadian Place Names (Toronto Oxford New York: Oxford University Press), 1997.

Rees, Ronald, “The Comfort of Place” in UBIQUE, Notes from The American Geographical Society, Vol. XVI, No 3, Dec 1996,

___________, St Andrews and the Islands (Halifax: Nimbus Publishing), 1995.

Richards, David Adams, Mercy Among The Children (Toronto: Doubleday Canada), 2000.

Rickard, George P, Sketching Rambles in Ontario, Vols I and II (Stratford: The Beacon Hill Fine Printing), 1977 and 1981.

Robertson, Margaret, Burnstown Remembered (Burnstown: General Store Publishing House Inc), 1988.

Rogers, Irene, Charlottetown, The Life of Its Buildings (Charlottetown: Prince Edward Island and Heritage Foundation), 1983.

Rompkey, Ronald, Grenfell of Labrador, A Biography (Toronto: University of Toronto Press), 1992.

Ross, Sinclair, As For Me And My House (Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 1957).

Roy, Marie-Claude, “Le Magasin Général,” AUL, Radio-Canada, Présence du Passé, fonds 1227, bobine 78.

Rubio, Mary and Elizabeth Waterston, eds, The Selected Journals of L.M. Montgomery, Vol II: 1910-1921 (Toronto: Oxford University Press), 1987.

Samson, Roch, Fishermen and Merchants in 19th Century Gaspé (Ottawa: National Historic Parks and Sites Branch, Parks Canada, Environment Canada), 1986.

Sante, Luc, The Factory of Facts (New York: Pantheon Books), 1998.

Santink, Joy L, Timothy Eaton and the Rise of His Department Store (Toronto: University of Toronto Press,) 1990.

Sauvageau, Thérèse, Au matin de notre histoire, Souvenirs de nos ancêtres (Québec: Éditions Anne Sigier), 1992.

Schooling, Sir William, The Hudson’s Bay Company, 1670-1920 (London: The Hudson’s Bay Company), 1920.

Schutz, Karl, ed, The Chemainus Murals (Chemainus: Chemainus Festival of Murals), nd.

Sears, Denis T Patrick, The Lark in the Clear Air (Toronto: McClelland and Stewart Limited) , 1974.

Shields, Carol, The Stone Diaries (Toronto: Random House of Canada), 1993.

Sirluck, Ernest, First Generation, An Autobiography (Toronto Buffalo London: University of Toronto Press), 1996.

Skelton, Isabel, The Backwoodswoman: A Chronicle of Pioneer Home Life in Upper and Lower Canada (Toronto: Ryerson Press,) 1924.

Smith, Denis, The Life and Legend of John G Diefenbaker (Toronto: Macfarlane Walter & Ross), 1995.

Snell, James G, The Citizen’s Wage: The State and the Elderly in Canada, 1900-1951 (Toronto Buffalo London: University of Toronto Press), 1996.

Stacey, C P, A Date With History, Memoirs of a Canadian Historian (Deneau: Ottawa), 1983.

Stacey, Robert, Western Sunlight, C.W. Jefferys on the Canadian Prairies (Saskatoon: Mendel Art Gallery), 1986.

Stevenson, Neil, Architecture, The world’s greatest buildings explored and explained (Toronto: Firefly Books Ltd), 1997.

Stewart, Donald M, Alberta Trade Tokens (Altona MB: D W Friesen & Sons Ltd), 1987.

Strasser, Susan, Waste and Want, A Social History of Trash (New York: Metropolitan Books/Henry Holt & Company), 1999.

Strong-Boag, Veronica, The New Day Recalled: Lives of Girls and Women in English Canada, 1919-1939 (Markham: Penguin Books Canada Ltd), 1988.

Struthers, James, No Fault of Their Own, Unemployment and the Canadian Welfare State 1914-1941 (Toronto Buffalo London: University of Toronto Press), 1983.

_____________, The Limits of Affluence: Welfare in Ontario, 1920-1970 (Toronto Buffalo London: University of Toronto Press), 1994.

Sutherland, Hugh, “The Men of Argyle” (Saskatoon: private publication, ca 1970).

Sweeney, Robert C H with David Bradley and Robert Hong, “Movement, Options and Costs: Indexes as Historical Evidence, a Newfoundland Example,” Acadiensis, XXII, 1 (Autumn 1992), 111-21.

Tannahill, Cecil C, Saskatchewan Numismatica, Saskatchewan Trade Tokens, Paper Money, Scrip (Cloverdale: D W Friesen & Sons and Celebrate Saskatchewan Corporation), 1980.

_______________, Trade Tokens, Paper and Wooden Money of Saskatchewan (Regina: The Canadian Numismatic Research Society), 1972.

Tausky, Nancy and Lynne D DiStefano, Victorian Architecture in London and Southerwestern Ontario, Symbols of Aspiration (Toronto Buffalo London: University of Toronto Press), 1986.

Taylor, Graham D and Peter A Baskerville, A Concise History of Business in Canada (Toronto Oxford New York: Oxford University Press), 1994.

Taylor, Richard K, “Store of Memories,” Weekend Magazine (23, 1963).

Tessier, G-Robert, Cinq Générations de Tessier Marchands Généraux À Saint-Casimir (Sillery: G-Robert Tessier), 1992.

Thomas, Benjamin P, Abraham Lincoln (New York: Alfred Knopf), 1960.

Thomson, Dale C, Louis St. Laurent: Canadian (Toronto: Macmillan of Canada), 1967.

Thomson, Edward William, Old Man Savarin Stories, Tales of Canada and Canadians (Toronto: S B Gundy), 1917.

Topsham Society, Topsham, an account of its streets and buildings, 1986.

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